TXTR (Metroid Prime)
See TXTR (File Format) for the other revisions of this format.
TXTR is, as the name suggests, the Retro Studios texture format. The format remains completely unchanged from Metroid Prime all the way up to Donkey Kong Country Returns.
|To do: |
Could possibly use some more information on how the formats work and how to decode them, but then again the Custom Mario Kart Wiiki has this covered pretty nicely already.
TXTR files contain a very short 12-byte header, followed by the image data.
|0x0||4||Image format. Possible values range from 0x0 to 0xA; see below for more details.|
|0xC||End of header|
The C4 and C8 image formats contain a palette table after the header, before the image data begins.
|0x0||4||Palette format. Possible values range from 0 to 2.|
|0x4||2||Width. always 1 in C4, 256 in C8|
|0x6||2||Height. always 16 in C4, 1 in C8|
|0x8||Varies||Palette colors. 16-bit color values; 16 colors in C4, 256 in C8.|
|End of palette table; image data begins immediately after|
There are 11 different image formats supported by the hardware. Rather than storing pixels in a linear left-to-right order, GameCube textures are swizzled in blocks. Blocks are 32 bytes large (except for RGBA8), with their dimensions varying depending on the BPP of the image format.
For example, suppose you have a format that stores 4x4 blocks. Pixels 1-4 of the image will make up the first row of the first block; pixels 5-8 will make up the second row; 9-12 will make up the third row; 13-16 will make up the fourth row, completing the block; and then 17-20 will begin the first row of the second block, appearing directly to the right of the first row of the first block.
|ID||Name||Bits per pixel||Block size||Description|
|0x0||I4||4||8x8||4-bit greyscale intensity values. Two pixels per byte.|
|0x1||I8||8||8x4||8-bit greyscale intensity values.|
|0x2||IA4||8||8x4||4-bit greyscale intensity values with an additional 4-bit alpha channel.|
|0x3||IA8||16||4x4||8-bit greyscale intensity values with an additional 8-bit alpha channel.|
|0x4||C4||4||8x8||4-bit palette indices.|
|0x5||C8||8||8x4||8-bit palette indices.|
|0x6||C14x2||16||4x4||Another palette format. Not used by any official textures.|
|0x7||RGB565||16||4x4||16-bit colors without alpha.|
|0x8||RGB5A3||16||4x4||16-bit colors with alpha.|
|0x9||RGBA8||32||4x4||Uncompressed 32-bit colors with alpha.|
|0xA||CMPR||4||8x8||Compressed textures (almost the same as DXT1, but with a couple small differences)|
- Custom Mario Kart Wiki: More detailed information on each format, and how to decode them.